Science and the scientific method


Science is an inquiry of the truths and empirical evidence of a phenomenon or set of problems. The creation of mankind and the whole world involves science which has become an inseparable part of human life beyond our imagination. Science is the systematic body of knowledge to address why, where, what, how and which aspects of subjects in stud. Moreover, the discipline uses logical deduction of a problem with specific metrics that everyone should understand, accept and use it in their lives. Science is not an overnight wonder rather, it is the sequence of steps that involve observation,  recording, analysing and generalizing the conclusions. Science is one of the most preferable disciplines because, as a subject, it is interesting, accurate, useful, above all it has an extensive number of doors when it comes to career.  Let us understand the steps of the scientific method in this post. 



Steps of a scientific method

The scientific method is not about simpley knitting a   random story about a phenomenon, rather, it is a series of events being conducted under a controlled environment. Some of the steps of  scientific method includes  Making observation, Making a list of questions, Preparing a list of explanations for each question or form a hypothesis follwed by the testing the prediction and finally to generalize the findings with some hypothesis and predictions.



Steps of Scientific method



Making observation

Observation doesn’t simply mean a hazy look at things from one`s own perspective. Rather, universally acceptable parameters must be used to watch and record things so that the findings are clear, concise and convincing.  Moreover, a researcher should be clear about the fact that the observation must have a completely acceptable theory with satisfactory tools. For example, having said that earth revolves around the sun because of gravitation, to make this simple statement, it must be supported by innumerable tools that others can believe and understand. Another essential component of observation is that there must be a proper application of scientific tools while observing. For example, the use of a telescope to watch the movement of planets, and other celestial bodies so that things are clear in the view of common men.



Making a list of questions

Having said that, the what, where, when, how which and why must be resolved. Take an example of the phenomenon of the earth revolving around the sun,  few questions that can be enlisted are, how fast the earth is revolving around the sun, what is the duration required for the earth to finish one complete round? which direction does it revolve? From where the rotation begins and which point it ends?  how much time does the earth take to rotate one complete round? Questioning gives a high probability of successful hypothesis and the preparedness for necessary evidence.



Prepare a list of explanations for each question or form a hypothesis

This requires each question must be screened and separated systematically followed by writing down the possible solutions under each prompt with a proper explanation and if possible include some examples. The answers gathered against the questions must be prioritized in such a way that, the most sensible answer to be pinned to the top of the list and the least sensible descriptions go to the bottom of the list or to be erased if necessary. For example, if there was a question on how long does it take for the earth to revolve around the sun, then this can be answered with at least 5 options say, 5 hours, 24 hours, 1 year, 1 week and so on but the answer that makes sense (1 year) should be considered.  A hypothesis is although an assumption, it must result in an option that addresses the question.



Testing the predictions

At this stage, the predictions must be tested with evidence. For example, the statement that the earth takes 365 days to finish its journey around the orbit must have some visual, auditory and perceptual evidence recorded with the help of scientific tools such as the telescope, videos, etc. A prediction is an outcome of what people expect or what a sensible mind thinks but not what everyone argues.



Generalizing the results

This is the most important phase and this help in applying the phenomenon under various settings. For example, if an inventor has invented a new type of laboratory device useful for physics, the same equipment must be applied all over the world. Only then the equipment is generalizable Generalizing is the process of convincing everyone about the findings so that every individual agrees with the findings.



Application of the results to make hypotheses or predictions

After doing all the homework, the findings must be put into reality to check whether they are effective or not. The At this phase, the research must enter into the literature such as books, periodicals and news so that people can apply or use the scientific invention. It is important to publish and market the idea so that people can benefit.



  1. What is the scientific method? Mention the steps of a scientific process.

  2. What is scientific observation? Give an example.

  3. What is the hypothesis? Explain.

  4. Describe the sequence of the scientific method in detail.





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