Introduction to reproductive health


Human reproduction is an essential process requiring a lot of care and maintenance throughout the process especially during pregnancy. As the pregnancy-related deaths and diseases are on the rise, a strategic program, RCH( reproductive and child health) helped to safeguard the pregnant mothers. Reproductive health is collectively called as RCH (reproductive and child health). RCH is a protocol with a mix of strategies involving preventive, curative and promotional aspects to manage reproductive health issues. Right from childhood, every individual needs to be taught and shared about different aspects of sexual health. In many western countries, RCH is implemented as a compulsory domain in their curriculum. Most often, people think that reproductive health deals only with the diseases and defects directly linked to the pregnancy, however, it is a broader concept including the wellbeing of mother, father, and the child. Reproduction in any organism is imminently precious,  vital, at times risky if not managed well. In many parts of our country,  reproductive health is a matter of, guilt and private making health care professionals difficult to manage them. Let’s discuss some important aspects of reproductive health.


Components of reproductive health

  1. Knowledge about sexuality and sexual orientation among boys and girls.

  2. Knowledge about the prevention of STDs

  3. Prevention and management of teenage pregnancy

  4. Breastfeeding and baby care

  5. Safe delivery practices

  6. Educating the parents about family planning methods

  7. Educating the youth and couple about safe sex practices

  8. Awareness programs help in diagnosis, identification, home care and medical care of all the sexually transmitted diseases.

  9. Educating the prospective couple about legal aspects like gender determination, female feticide( killing female babies)

  10. Care and management of health issues among pregnant women, newborn baby and postnatal mother.

  11. Dealing with sexual dysfunctions and infertility.

  12. Reducing infant and maternal mortality rates( death rates of mothers and newborn children)


Role Of Government And Individual Responsibilities in maintaining Reproductive Health 

Our government and health care agencies have undertaken a number of strategies to manage reproductive health issues through various programs. Their strategies were based on a balanced approach demonstrated to prevent, manage and cure the maternal and child health issues. The central aim of the RCH program is disseminating the information regarding sexual behaviours, healthy sexual practices to prevent STDs( sexually transmitted diseases).  Additionally, the program has also brought awareness regarding family planning and the basic concepts of sexual orientation among school-going boys and girls. RCH was launched in the year 1959 and it is currently being controlled by women’s, children’s health and welfare agency of India. RCH is held responsible to provide the required facilities and support for the sexual health and well-being of pregnant and postnatal mothers. The program has been backed by a number of Doctors, gynaecological nurses, trained dais, village health assistants and high school teachers. The local government, central government and many non-governmental agencies are actively participating to run the program successfully. 


Agenda of reproductive health programs 

  1. In the schools, sex education has already been made mandatory to gain insight about the common problems such as menstrual issues, STDs and their prevention. 

  2. Disseminating the knowledge of sexual development and maturation; secondary sexual characteristics of adolescence, safe and hygienic sexual practices, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) like AIDS, etc. 

  3. Reproductive couple (eligible couple) need to be given counselling regarding the right age for conception, tips for healthy and safe pregnancy, common problems related to motherhood, safe delivery practices and the knowledge about unsafe sex practices.

  4. Couples must be given a clear explanation of the different options for birth control.

  5. Family members must be taught about the care of mothers before, during and after the pregnancy.

  6. Stress on newborn care to spread knowledge about breastfeeding and immunisation.

  7. An additional provision of equal rights for the male and the female child and newborn health assessment must also be furnished to the couple.


Why sex education is important?

Through proper implementation of the programs, the narrow mindset of the people can be changed. As the rate of incidence of   STDs, unwanted pregnancies and abortions are increasing, RCH is very essential.  ex education through this program helps to eradicate the myths associated with sexuality and reproduction. 


Related reading


Structure and functions of sperm              




human reproduction





  1. What is RCH?

  2. Enlist the components of RCH. 

  3. Why is sex education important?






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