Introduction to reproductive health


Human reproduction is an essential process demanding a lot of care and maintenance throughout the pregnancy. As the rates of death and diseases related to pregnancy is rising, a strategic program came into existence to safeguard the pregnant mother; RCH( reproductive and child health). Reproductive health is collectively called as RCH (reproductive and child health). RCH is a mix of strategies involving preventive, curative and promotional aspects help in managing the mother and the child. Right from childhood, every individual needs to be taught and shared about different aspects of sexual health. In many western countries, RCH is implemented as a mandatory area in their curriculum. Most often, people think that reproductive health deals only with the diseases and defects directly linked to the pregnancy, however, it is a broader concept including the wellbeing of mother, father, and the child. Reproduction in any organism is imminently precious,  vital, at times risky if not managed well. In many parts of our country,  reproductive health is a subject matter of shyness, guilt and private making health care professionals difficult to manage them. Let’s discuss some of the important aspects reproductive health.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Components of reproductive health

3. Role Of Government And Individual Responsibilities in maintaining Reproductive Health 

4. Agenda of reproductive health programs 

5. Why sex education is important?


Components of reproductive health

  1. Knowledge about sexuality and sexual orientation among boys and girls.

  2. Knowledge about the prevention of STDs

  3. Prevention and management of teenage pregnancy

  4. Breastfeeding and baby care

  5. Safe delivery practices

  6. Educating the parents about family planning methods

  7. Educating the youth and couple about safe sex practices

  8. Awareness programs help in diagnosis, identification, home care and medical care of all the sexually transmitted diseases.

  9. Educating the prospective couple about legal aspects like gender determination, female feticide( killing female babies)

  10. Care and management of health issues among pregnant women, newborn baby and postnatal mother.

  11. Dealing with sexual dysfunctions and infertility.

  12. Reducing infant and maternal mortality rates( death rates of mothers and newborn children)


Role Of Government And Individual Responsibilities in maintaining Reproductive Health 

Our government and health care agencies have taken a lot of efforts to strategically manage reproductive health issues through various programs.  A balanced approach was demonstrated to prevent, manage and cure the maternal and child health issues. Not only that, a number of initiatives are still in action to manage and prevent sexually transmitted disorders. The main aims of the RCH program is disseminating the information regarding sex education in high school kids, awareness regarding family planning, sharing knowledge about sexual behaviour and teaching basics of sexual orientation among school-going boys and girls. RCH was launched in the year 1959. It is currently being controlled by women’s and children’s health welfare agency of India. RCH conducts camps, awareness programs and counselling sessions to address the reproductive health issues of couples and teenagers. RCH is held responsible to provide the required facilities and support for the health and well being of pregnant and postnatal mothers. RCH is supported by Doctors, gynaecological nurses, trained dais, village health assistants and high school teachers. The local government, central governemnt and many non-governmental agencies are actively participating to run the program successfully. 


Agenda of reproductive health programs 

  1. In the schools, sex education has already been made mandatory to gain insight about the underlying problems such as menstrual issues, STDs and their prevention. 

  2. Disseminating the knowledge of sexual development and maturation; secondary sexual characteristics of adolescence, safe and hygienic sexual practices, prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) like AIDS, etc. 

  3. Reproductive couple (eligible couple) need to be given counselling regarding the right age for conception, tips for healthy and safe pregnancy, common problems related to motherhood, safe delivery practices and the knowledge about unsafe sex practices.

  4. Couples must be given a clear explanation of what are the different birth control options, their advantages, and complications.

  5. Family members must be taught about the care of mothers before, during and after the pregnancy.

  6. Newborn care to spread knowledge about breastfeeding, provision of equal rights for the male and the female child, vaccination and newborn health assessment must be given to the couple.


Why sex education is important?

Through proper implementation of the programs, the narrow mindset of the people can be changed. As the rate of incidence of   STDs, unwanted pregnancies and abortions are growing fast, the necessity for planned reproductive programs is also increasing. Sex education helps to eradicate the myths associated with sexuality and reproduction. The programs aim at addressing the underlying concerns of sexuality in a systematic, organized and well-planned manner. RCH  help in spreading awareness about the dos and don'ts of sexual health. 





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