Learning disability is a vague term used to explain the difficulty in perceiving, storing, musing the data from their brain. It is often a state of confusion instead of lacking intellectual ability. But disaster is that most of these children are being pushed to backbenches as the teachers and parents think these are idiotic population with low IQ. This is not exactly the case when we think of a scientific perspective. Retrospective studies have proven that learning disorders are nothing to do with other skills. The world has witnessed extraordinary talents who were very poor in Mathematics but good at music, sports, etc. A psychiatrist would describe a learning disorder as disorganization of pattern and flow of information from and to the brain leading to confusion rather than saying a child is not understanding anything. There are various learning disorders among the scholars but for most of the parents and children, Arithmetic or specific mathematical learning disorder or dyscalculia is a nightmare. It is a condition associated with poor coordination of brain function with calculations, numbers, mathematical patterns and complexities. Children often get confused to recognize simple mathematics symbols and concepts, for instance, the addition of 2 numbers like 4+4 could wrongly be perceived as 4x4, so the expected result 8 becomes 16. Some children might manifest difficulties in the most basic computations.
When we look at an average on the need for the subjects that require most of the supplementary education support, Mathematics takes the upper hand. Children would love writing an exam without mathematics in their schedule. In other words, schools and universities have to stress more on this subject than any other subject in most cases but this again depends on the individual differences where some children feel numerical subjects are so easier than a descriptive subject like literature, biology, general knowledge, etc. that needs a lot of memorization. Fortunately, few of the kids are so good at Mathematics because it doesn’t work on memorization of information.
Types of mathematical learning disorders (biological classification)
There are numerous types of mathematical learning disorders but 3 of the main types are procedural type, semantic memory disturbance type, and the spatial type. In a procedural type, children usually present a delay in comprehending some simple arithmetic strategies that may be due to verbal working memory deficits, Semantic is the one in which children exhibit difficulties in retrieving of facts because of a long term memory loss. On the other hand, spatial type affects the right half of the bargain where children present deficits in the spatial representation of the number.
Tips for managing dyscalculia
Open and clear communication between the parents, child, and teachers is most important. It is advisable to provide individual attention to such children as these children generally take 10 minutes to conclude a simple calculation in the place of 3-4 minutes. In some cases, children don’t even like to participate in mathematics class sessions which would even be more worrisome for the parents and teachers. In such a scenario it is a good idea to channelize them to something .