CBSE (The Central Board of Secondary Education) is one of the national level boards of education in India. CBSE control and regulate many public and private schools operated as per the laws governed by the Union Government of India. NCERT in conjunction with CBSE has asked all the schools to be affiliated and must follow only the NCERT curriculum. So, NCERT is the standardized academic regulatory body providing books, NCERT questions and solutions, curriculum and model papers and many more. As per 2019 statistics, there are 21,499 schools affiliated to the CBSE board. The official website for CBSE board is Website www.cbse.nic.in. CBSE was the first education board set up by Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921. Later it was confined to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh. In 1952, it became the "Central Board of Secondary Education" that took responsibility to control all the CBSE schools across the nation. CBSE affiliates most of the schools approved by the central government of India, all Kendriya Vidyalayas, all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, and the majority of the private schools in India.
The main objectives of CBSE are
To define appropriate approaches of academic activities to provide stress-free, child-centred and holistic education to all children without compromising on quality.
To analyze and monitor the quality of academic activities by collecting feedback from different stakeholders.
To develop norms for implementation of various academic activities including quality issues; to control and coordinate the implementation of various academic and training programs of the Board; to organize academic activities and to supervise other agencies involved in the process.
To adapt and innovate methods to achieve academic excellence in conformity with psychological, pedagogical and social principles.
To encourage schools to document the progress of students in a teacher and student-friendly way.
To propose plans to achieve quality benchmarks in school education consistent with the National goals.
To organize various capacity building and empowerment programs to update the professional competency of teachers.
To prescribe conditions of examinations and conduct public examination at the end of Class X and XII. To grant qualifying certificates to successful candidates of the affiliated schools.
To fulfil the educational requirements of those students whose parents were employed in transferable jobs.
To prescribe and update the course of instructions of examinations
To affiliate institutions for the purpose of examination and raise the academic standards of the country.
The prime focus of the Board is
Innovations in teaching-learning methodologies by devising students friendly and students centred paradigms.
Reforms in examinations and evaluation practices.
Skill learning by adding job-oriented and job-linked inputs.
Regularly updating the pedagogical skills of the teachers and administrators by conducting in-service training programs, workshops, etc.
An overview of the CBSE Syllabus:
CBSE Syllabus defines the totality of all the topics, their weightage, subtopics, marking scheme and evaluation criteria as well as the governing regulations for academics. CBSE is one of the most expansive and comprehensive curricula that regulates all CBSE students from class 1-class 12. CBSE has a well-balanced curriculum encompassing the detailed description for both the theory and practical areas. It also has a plethora of options for the students to choose their subjects including Science, Maths, Languages (1, 2 and 3d as optional), Arts, Physical education and many more. This article is a brief presentation of the standardized CBSE curriculum from class 5 to class 12. Please click on the links given in the tables below to get the syllabus of the desired standard and subject.
CBSE Curriculum/Syllabus for Classes – 5 to 12
CBSE curriculum operates based on the National Curriculum Framework 2005 along with NCERT standards that are defined each year. The curriculum below is the description of units, lessons, topics, sub-topics, with their detailed hourly distribution, suggested practicum, examination scheme and the teaching methodology (pedagogy) required to follow.
The objective of the CBSE Curriculum
Students should explore their inner potential and enhance self-awareness.
They learn to utilize technology and information for the betterment of humanity.
They must inculcate the values and cultural learning in them.
They could able to promote life skills, set their own goals and acquire knowledge for lifelong learning.
They could express their talent in public and also appreciate others for good work.
Students should strengthen their knowledge and develop livelihood skills.
Students should be physically fit, health and wellbeing.
They must try to achieve cognitive, affective and psychomotor excellence.
CBSE Syllabus for Class 5 to 12
Have a look at the CBSE Syllabus for all the classes. Know what all topics to be covered from each subject and start preparing accordingly. We have provided the syllabus for all the main subjects. Upon clicking on a particular link, students will get the official syllabus for downloading in pdf format along with the marking scheme and weightage of marks allocated to each unit or chapter. Students will also find the syllabus for practical subjects (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) for classes 9 to 12. Moreover, the details regarding the assessment and questions paper design are also available for students.
CBSE Class 5 Syllabus
Class 5 is an entry into the higher primary education. Keeping in mind about the children`s ability, thinking, emotional development, the following subjects have been prescribed. Please click on the link to explore the detailed syllabus for Science, English Hindi, EVS and Maths subjects.
Class 6 requires better cognitive skills that help them to be independent, rationalized and skilful in their learning. At this stage, a kind of brainstorming, thinking strategy is required especially for Maths and Science subjects. Please click on the link to explore the detailed syllabus for Science, Social Science, and English Hindi and Maths subjects.
Students at this stage must be prepared well enough that help them compete with the complex high school syllabus. Students are being given a scheduled, structured work goals to evolve their mental skills. Major subjects at his stage are Science, Social Science, English Hindi, and Maths. Some of the states might have slightly different subjects and the choice of languages depends upon the local language they practice in a given state.
The students at this stage are almost like miniature adults demanding a lot of theoretical and practical skills to learn. This seems to be an almost a serious phase that helps in the public exams held in the 10th standard. 8th standard has Science, English, Social science, Maths, Hindi and English subjects as major.
This is like an entrance for 10th standard exams. Students at this stage need to put a lot of time and effort to make their way easier for the 10th standard. Most of the learning areas are purely creative and thought oriented. Based. 9th standard has Science, English, Social science, Maths, Hindi and English subjects as major.
This is the first major milestone for an Indian student irrespective of the board and state. However, to win the race, a student studying in the 10th standard CBSE syllabus must be capable to follow quick instructions, hardworking and able to accept the challenges. 10th CBSE determines the fate of whether to go to Science stream commerce or Arts in their future coming years. 10th standard has Science, English, Social science, Maths, Hindi and English subjects as major.
This is one of the responsible stage in which a student must feel himself a confident and skilful learner but not the rote learning. Subjects are much in-depth, informative, practically balanced and variety is another beauty of 11th CBSE syllabus. Students looking tom prepare for NEET, JEE, CAT or any entrance exams must seriously start working from day 1 of 11th standard. The choice of subjects depend upon the stream that the student is in. Some of the most common subjects of the 11th standard Science stream are Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology, computer science and languages of choice. For the commerce section, Accountancy, business studies, Accountancy Maths, and languages as per the choice.
Class 12 is the decider for higher education. There are no shortcuts for the students except the fact that they must work hard and be smart in their learning. The curriculum has a dual objective of preparing the student for their final examinations and the entrance exams. Please click the links given in the table to explore more.