Class 11 CBSE Physics Syllabus

11th standard Physics is the most challenging area for most of the students because the concepts and their presentation is much advanced. The students must have skills to memorize, draw, calculate, write and reason the different aspects. The syllabus here assists in providing information on topics, sub topics, allotted time period, marks distribution for each chapter.  Different Teaching-learning strategies can be used ranging from simple talk-chalk (black board teaching), discussion, interactive sessions, and laboratory demonstration. Various visual media like power point presentation, video based lessons can also be used effectively.  Simply login to and download the Class 11 physics syllabus.


Unit title

No. of



Physical World  and Measurement

Chapter–1: Physical World

Physics-scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.


Chapter–2: Units and Measurements

  1. Need for measurement

  2. Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and   derived units. 

  3. Length, mass and   time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures.

  4. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications


Chapter-3: Kinematics ( Motion in a Straight Line)

  1. Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line:  Position-time graph, speed and velocity.

  2. Elementary concepts of differentiation and  integration for describing motion, uniform and  non- uniform motion, average speed and  instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity - time and position-time graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).


Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane

  1. Scalar  and   vector   quantities;  position  and   displacement  vectors,  general vectors and  their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and  subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, Unit vector; resolution of a vector  in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and  Vector product  of vectors.

  2. Motion  in  a  plane,  cases  of  uniform  velocity  and   uniform  acceleration- projectile motion, uniform circular motion.


Chapter–5: Laws of Motion

  1. Intuitive  concept of force,  Inertia,  Newton's first  law  of motion;  momentum and  Newton's second law of motion; impulse; Newton's third law of motion.

  2. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

  3. Equilibrium of concurrent forces,  Static  and  kinetic  friction,  laws  of  friction, rolling friction, lubrication.

  4. Dynamics of uniform circular motion:  Centripetal  force,  examples  of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road,  vehicle on a banked road).



Chapter–6: Work, Energy  and Power

  1. Work done by a constant force and  a  variable  force;  kinetic  energy, work- energy theorem, power.

  2. Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non- conservative forces: motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one  and  two dimensions.



Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

  1. Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and  center of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; center of mass of a uniform rod. Moment   of  a  force,  torque,   angular  momentum,  law  of  conservation   of angular momentum and  its applications.

  2. Equilibrium  of  rigid  bodies,  rigid  body  rotation  and  equations  of  rotational motion, comparison of linear and  rotational motions.

  3. Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.


  1. Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion

  2. Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and  center of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; center of mass of a uniform rod. Moment   of  a  force,  torque,   angular  momentum,  law  of  conservation   of angular momentum and  its applications.

  3. Equilibrium  of  rigid  bodies,  rigid  body  rotation  and  equations  of  rotational motion, comparison of linear and  rotational motions.

  4. Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no  derivation). Statement of parallel and  perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.


Gravitation Chapter–8: Gravitation

  1. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation.  Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

  2. Gravitational potential energy and   gravitational potential,  escape  velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, Geo-stationary satellites.



Properties of Bulk Matter- Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids

Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's law,  Young's modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, Poisson's ratio; elastic energy.


  1. Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids

  2. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

  3. Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications.

  4. Surface  energy  and   surface  tension,  angle  of  contact, excess  of  pressure across a curved  surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and  capillary rise.

Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter

  1. Heat,  temperature, thermal  expansion;  thermal  expansion  of solids,  liquids and  gases, anomalous expansion of water;  specific heat  capacity; Cp,  Cv - calorimetry; change of state - latent heat  capacity.

  2. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of  Blackbody radiation, Wien’s  displacement  Law,  Stefan's law, Greenhouse effect.


Thermodynamics(Chapter–12: thermodynamics

  1. Thermal equilibrium and   definition of temperature (zeroth   law  of thermodynamics), heat,  work and internal energy.

  2. First law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes, Heat engine and refrigerator.



Behavior of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases

Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory (Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done  in compressing a gas).

Kinetic   theory    of   gases -   assumptions,   concept   of   pressure.   Kinetic interpretation  of  temperature;  rms  speed  of  gas  molecules;  degrees  of freedom, law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and  application to specific  heat   capacities  of  gases;  concept of  mean free  path,   Avogadro's number.



Oscillations and Waves -Chapter–14: Oscillations

  1. Periodic motion - time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions.

  2. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M)  and  its equation; phase; oscillations of a loaded  spring-  restoring  force  and  force  constant; energy in  S.H.M.  Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period.   Free,    forced   and    damped oscillations   (qualitative   ideas   only), resonance.










Chapter–15: Waves

Wave  motion: Transverse and  longitudinal waves, speed of travelling wave, displacement  relation  for  a  progressive  wave,   principle  of  superposition  of waves,  reflection   of  waves,  standing   waves  in   strings   and   organ   pipes,  fundamental mode  and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect.





The students must actively involve in both the laboratory demonstrations and some activities. The practical area is divided into 2 sections namely, Section-A and Section-B as detailed below.

Experiments list of SECTION–A

  1. To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Calipers and hence find its volume.

  2. To measure diameter of a given wire and thickness of a given sheet using screw gauge.

  3. To determine volume of an irregular lamina using screw gauge.

  4. To determine radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.

  5. To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.

  6. To find the weight of a given body using parallelogram law of vectors.

  7. Using a simple pendulum, plot its L-T2 graph and use it to find the effective length of second’s pendulum.

  8. To study variation of time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking bobs of same size but different masses and interpret the result.

  9. To study the relationship between force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the co- efficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.

  10. To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting graph between force and sin θ.

Experiments list of SECTION–B

  1. To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.

  2. To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension.

  3. To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V, and between P and 1/V.

  4. To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method.

  5. To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

  6. To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve.

  7. To determine specific heat capacity of a given solid by method of mixtures.

  8. To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using sonometer.

  9. To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using sonometer.

  10. To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by two resonance positions

Activities list

  1. To observe change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten wax.

  2. To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bi-metallic strip.

  3. To  note  the  change in  level  of  liquid  in  a  container  on  heating  and  interpret  the observations.

  4. To study the effect of detergent on surface tension of water by observing capillary rise.

  5. To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a liquid.

  6. To study the effect of load on depression of a suitably clamped meter scale loaded at its end (ii) in the middle.

  7. To observe the decrease in pressure with increase in velocity of a fluid.

Marking scheme

Two experiments one from each section

(8+8) Marks

Practical record  (experiment and  activities)

6 Marks

Investigatory Project

3 Marks

Viva on experiments, activities and project

5 Marks

Total-30 Marks

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